Your flashlight must be waterproof to make sure that you can use it in harsh conditions. But how do you know a flashlight is waterproof? Learn about this below.
It’s common knowledge that water and mechanical devices do not make a great combination. The smallest amount of water could easily damage your favorite device. Everyone usually tries to keep their devices away from water to ensure that they can achieve the desired level of longevity which they have been manufactured for.
The earth’s surface is made from about 71% of water and its only normal to get wet once in a while. Probably, during some of your few adventures, you could get water spilled on yourself. But this doesn’t necessarily have to be the end of your flashlight. You would need to know the type of weather and amount of water that your flashlight can tolerate and keep working in top condition. If you don’t know what the different flashlight ratings on the package mean or you just want to make sure that you’ve got the right type of torchlight that will be reliable in case of a sudden downpour, you can take a look at this guide. We’ll be taking a look at some IP ratings and taking a look at what it means for your flashlight to be waterproof.
What’s the difference between water-resistant, water-repellant and waterproof?
Before we just jump ahead into the meaning of IP ratings, let’s take a look at the meaning and differences of these terms; water-resistant, water-repellent and waterproof. It’s easy to come across these terms when dealing with devices and they are sometimes used interchangeably. But it’s worth noting that each of them has a unique definition.
Water-resistant is a term that can be used to describe a flashlight that can resist the penetration of water but not entirely. These types of flashlight can withstand a great amount of heavy splashing and rain. However, they should not be submerged completely in water.
Waterproof is a term used to describe flashlights that can completely resist the penetration of water for a while and at a certain depth. These flashlights will give you a certain level of peace of mind even if they get submerged.
Water-repellant is a term used to describe flashlights in which water can’t penetrate. They usually are covered with some sort of water-repellant coating on the surface. If you’ve noticed, water-repellant is a term that is more often used with bags and backpacks.
When using any of the terms listed above, you have to know that they are quite subjective. Their true quality still lies in what the manufacturer provides you with. It can be especially difficult to differentiate between waterproof and water-repellent substances. If you want to know the real difference between these terms, you don’t have to toss your flashlight into a puddle. You simply have to check your IP rating.
Ingress Protection Standards (IP Rating)
The Ingress Protection rating or the IP rating of a flashlight is the only way to certify the type and amount of moisture that the flashlight can handle. All flashlights make use of a flashlight rating which complies with international standards as put forth by IEC 60529 (International Electrotechnical Commission) and adopted by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI).
These IP ratings are internationally agreed on standards that help to identify the quality of protection; either solid or liquid protection in electrical equipment. It makes it easier to make a purchase decision for customers and they can be confident in the quality of the device which they have purchased. The X in IPX refers to the amount of protection which the flashlight has against solid objects such as dust, food, tools, fingers, wires, etc. However, based on ANSI Flashlight Standard flashlight manufacturers may not necessarily test for protection against solids.
The fourth character, the 4 in IPX4, refers to the degree of protection against liquids such as water. This is the part of the flashlight rating which is usually tested for in most flashlights. It is also the rating that most customers are concerned with when making purchases.
The IPX4 rating for the flashlight means that it is weatherproof. Weatherproof means that the device has been tested to be resistant against splashing on all sides. Any flashlight with these ratings is protected against moisture, condensation, and exposure to any elements such as rain. These flashlights can’t be submerged in water but if water gets splashed on them or they come in contact with rain, the light will be totally fine.
This means that the flashlight is protected against exposure to low-pressure water jets. They are protected against contact with water from all directions. The test carried out on this is similar to that of the IPX4 but is only carried out with higher water pressure.
This rating means that the flashlight is protected against high-pressure water jets. They are usually protected from contact with water in all directions. It is similar to the IPX5 test but is carried out with higher water pressure.
With this type of rating, the flashlight is waterproof when submerged in about one meter of water for about 30 minutes. This type of flashlight is usually the best choice to purchase. However, you may not go for them if you need diving light or something that can stay underwater for more than 30 minutes.
This rating means that the flashlight can be submerged in water up to a certain depth. For instance, an IPX8 rating may be up to 20 meters. This means that the light can be submerged in 20 meters of water without having any harmful effect on it. It’s a great choice for anyone who wants to stay underwater for a long period and at extreme depths. It also provides customers with the highest level of protection from liquids.
Flashlights that have an IPX8 rating usually have a specified depth which is measured in meters. For instance, the Dorcy 41-1466 Dive III light has a rating of about 100 meters.
After taking a look at all the details in this article, we hope you are now clear in what it means for a flashlight to be water-resistant, water-repellent or waterproof. This information can be great in helping you find the right flashlight that suits all your needs.